Table of Contents
GWDG Cloud Server Manual
This manual provides an overview for using the GWDG Cloud Server service.
As a User of the GWDG Cloud Server service, you will get extensive privileges for the management of your Virtual Servers (VM). This manual will explain how to make use of this privilege in order to:
- Create virtual servers from standard images or from your private snapshots
- Manage servers, i.e.:
- change their state, by rebooting, suspending or resuming a server
- change their IP address
- change their access properties by creating and modifying security rules
- Delete servers
- Access a server via SSH or VNC
- Create or delete snapshots
Frequently asked questions and the corresponding answers can be found at the FAQ's web page.
Login and activation
In order to use the GWDG Cloud Server service, we have to activate the user first. Please write to firstname.lastname@example.org which user you want to activate.
After the user has been activated, he can log into gwdg.de and can use the service.
- Log into gwdg.de
- Open Services > GWDG Cloud Server > Self Service
- Create new virtuellen naschine with „Add Server“
Access Self Service
Alternatively, you access the service directly by clicking on GWDG Cloud Server in the menu My services
If you are logged in with you GWDG credentials, you can access the GWDG Cloud Server Self Service directly by clicking on the icon Self Service. If you do not see this icon, please contact us to provide you access to the Service.
The first time that you access the service, your cloud account is been provisioned, which can take some time until is finished
Cloud Server Self Service
The GWDG Cloud Server Self Service provides access to the basic functions that a user needs to configure his virtual servers. It consist of four sections:
|Resources||Shows the resources quotas assigned to a user, and their actual usage by the active servers. No action can be performed in this section|
|Server||Shows the active servers from the user, and contains links to create new servers or to edit them|
|Security||Shows the security groups and the SSH keys from the user, and contains links to modify them|
|Snapshots||Snapshots are backup images of the servers created by the user. Here you can create or delete them|
The use of the different functions will be explained from now on
The Server section shows a list of all of your servers and provides a handy way to manage them.
Create a Server
Select the desired hardware characteristics by chosing a flavor from the list by clicking ⊕. Then click Next to confirm your selection.
We offer three basic types of flavors:
* general (M1 serie)
* memory optimized (M2 serie)
* computing optimized (C1 serie).
Flavors marked with are not accesible due to lack of free resources
Choose an image to start your server from. This has to be either an operating system or a snapshot.
Depending on the disk size requirements of your image, some flavors will fail to provide enough disk space to start a server
Add the required SSH keys
We strongly recommend to provide an SSH key as described in Providing a SSH key and add this key to your servers
Wait a moment till the creation of the machine is finished
If the creation was successfully completed, the server can be found within the Servers section in the Cloud Manager. Now you are ready to connect to your server as described in Connecting to a Server. Note also the change reflected in the Resources section
|Remove||Deletes a server, loosing all of its content.|
|VNC||Connects to the video ouput of the server, via a VNC terminal.|
|Snapshot||Creates a backup image of the server. All snapshots can be found in the section Snapshots. Snapshots can later be used to start a new server|
|Reboot||Performs a graceful reboot of the server. This action will set the status of your server to the state rebooting. As soon as the server has booted this status will change back to active again.|
|Suspend||Suspends the server. A suspended server can resume its service back with Resume. Note: This button appears only for servers in Active state|
|Resume||Resumes a suspended server. Resume its service back to the state when it was suspended. Note: This button appears only for servers in Suspended state|
Remove / Delete a Server
In the section Edit Server click on Remove button. You will receive a confirmation question. If you confirm by clicking Remove the server and all its content will be deleted. The server will keep its current state during this process.The server will disappear from the server manager as soon as the deletion process has successfully finished.
In the section Edit Server click on the Snapshot button. Type a name for the snapshot and confirm by clicking Snapshot
Snapshots can also be created or deleted in the section Manage Snapshots.
Suspend / Resume a Server
Both actions can be performed in the section Edit Server click on either Suspend or Resume button. Suspending your server will set the resources free. A suspended server can resume its service back at the state where it was suspended. No charges to the quota are made for suspended servers. By the time the server should resume running, simply hit the Resume button.
Reboot a Server
In the section Edit Server click on the Reboot button.
This action will send a message to the server's operating system which contains the command for a graceful reboot. It will set the status of your server to the state rebooting. As soon as the server has booted this status will change back to active again.
Connect to a Server
We provided two main ways to connect to your servers, either by SSH connection, or by VNC.
For both ways, the logging user will be cloud and the password is shown either in the VNC shell, at the beginning of a session, but only until you log in successfully for the first time or the first time you connect your server via SSH.
Servers can be accessed as following:
Server needs a floating IP assigned and Server security groups has to allow SSH (Default is OK for this) for your IP address
We strongly recommend this option. You would need to add your private ssh key as described in Providing a SSH key and create a server using this key
User: cloud Password: password
Click the VNC button in the section Edit Server. Hit the gray bar at the top of the output window and press enter.
The password you get only once, before you log in for the first time.
A user can modify its security rules and SSH keys by clicking Edit button in the Security section. This button provides access to the Security Manager:
Adding a Security Group
Type a unique name and a description (optional), and choose whether you want this group to include the default rules
Modifying a Security Group
A security group can be modify by adding or removing its security rules. To modify a Security group.
Click on Edit button of the Security group
Providing a SSH key
To store his personal SSH Key, a user has to click Add key and enter a key name and his public SSH key (content of file keyname.pub)
This key will be later accessible in Create a Server. If a server is assigned a key, this will be stored for the root user on the server.
How to generate an SSH key
An SSH key is a set of of two files that can be used to ease secure connection via SSH:
|private key, e.g.: key_name||Has to be saved in your local directories , e.g. ~HOME/.ssh/ for mac OS, unix, linux|
|public key, e.g.: key_name.pub||Has to be locally saved in the server you want to access, at: e.g. ~HOME/.ssh/ for mac OS, unix, linux|
To generate your private key, see the following instructions:
Snapshots are images of your servers. In this section a user can create or delete them.
Snapshots can also be created in the section Edit Server
To create a snapshot click on Create Snapshot button, Select the server and type a name for the snapshot. Confirm by clicking Save