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The Active Directory of the GWDG
The Active Directory forest (abbreviated AD) comes from GWDG´s PC-Network and has always evolved over the years. The created structure is divided into different domains. A domain is an organizational construct who manage and networkes computer and user. Such integration enables centralized administrative management and the use of shared resources. The allocation of administrative privileges can also be limited by the parts of a domain structures, so-called Organizational Units (OU).
The most significant feature of the Active Directory structure is the “single sign on”. This allows a user with a single authentication to acess all hosts and services for which he is entitled, without having to log in each time. By default, each user has only one account. If a person multiple roles in the system, they can also use multiple accounts. An administrator has, for example, in addition to his normal user account an administrator account.
The aim is to facilitate access to resources on the network for users through centralized management of user IDs, computers and printers. At the same time it eases the workload and improves the support from the GWDG for the IT executives in the institutes.
Our AD-specific services:
- File Services: Every user has a directory on the file server GWDG to store his data, which is backed up daily. Upon request, common data areas for institutions or departments are set up.
- Printing Services: Documents to selectively print on specialty printers GWDG or the Institute printers
- Exchange Instructions: e-mail, calendar and address are common.
- SharePoint administrative services: That allow a very good document- and information-centric workgroup collaboration.
- The workplace environment: The institutes orient on our standard Windows workstation. In order to facilitate the management of jobs there are techniques such as Microsoft Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), Sophos Enterprise Console or the central software distribution who are used.