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en:services:it_security:pki:start [2018/08/03 13:25]
thinder [MPG] OU ist Pflichteintrag
en:services:it_security:pki:start [2020/04/30 15:03] (current)
thinder [Apply for a certificate]
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-Below you will find instructions on how to request certificates with popular web browsers as well as instructions for the use of this certificates. The instructions for certification shall relate to e-mail (S / MIME) certificates. However, the requirement of other types of certificates is designed largely similar. If you have suggestions for further instructions or additional questions, you can send an e-mail to <support@gwdg.deor use the GWDG [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​support|support form]].+Below you will find instructions on how to request certificates with popular web browsers as well as instructions for the use of this certificates. The instructions for certification shall relate to e-mail (S / MIME) certificates. However, the requirement of other types of certificates is designed largely similar. If you have suggestions for further instructions or additional questions, you can send an e-mail to [[support@gwdg.de?​subject=Question(s) about certificate(s)&​body=Ladies and gentlemen,​%0A%0AI have the following question(s) about certificate(s):​%0A%0A|support@gwdg.de]] ​or use the GWDG [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​support|support form]].
  
 ===== Application for personal email certificate ===== ===== Application for personal email certificate =====
  
 Request your personal email certificate using a Web browser. Request your personal email certificate using a Web browser.
 +
  
 <WRAP center round info 60%> <WRAP center round info 60%>
-<wrap em>**Please ​use only Mozilla Firefox!**</​wrap>​+Please ​refer to the browser recommendations for the two ways to apply for a certificate
  
-All other browsers do not support ​the generation of private keys((An unsupported or obsolete function!))!+<wrap em>​__**Since 2 September 2019**__</​wrap> ​the [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_new_way|new application route]] will be the primary way to apply for user certificates. The [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_old_way|current route]] will then only be reserved for Microsoft Internet Explorer.
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
- 
- 
 ==== Select a  Registration Authority (RA) ==== ==== Select a  Registration Authority (RA) ====
  
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 |  **[[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgras|GWDG staff]]** ​ | |  **[[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgras|GWDG staff]]** ​ |
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
 +
 +
 +===== The new way =====
 +==== Apply for a certificate ====
 +
 +<WRAP center round tip 60%>
 +Personal identification in times of the Corona pandemic can now be carried out with the [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​videoident| video identification]].
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +<WRAP center round info 60%>
 +For Microsoft Internet Explorer, see [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_old_way| the old way]].
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +According to the following, as described in [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_8-9-2019_www.pdf#​page=4|GN 08-09|19]] (currently only in German) in the paragraph "Der neue Beantragungsweg",​ the path to the new application pages is described, this will change from Fig. 2 there as described in the following.
 +
 +{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_01_en.png?​800|There are now two larger buttons. To apply, click the "Apply for a new user certificate"​ button.}}
 +
 +There are now two larger buttons. To apply, click the "Apply for a new user certificate"​ button.
 +
 +{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_02_en.png?​800|Enter the required data for the user certificate and click on the "​Next"​ button.}}
 +
 +Enter the required data for the user certificate and click on the "​Next"​ button.
 +
 +{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_03_en.png?​800|A summary of the information is displayed. If everything is fine, click on the "Save request file" button.}}
 +
 +A summary of the information is displayed. If everything is fine, click on the "Save request file" button.
 +
 +{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_04_en.png?​800|A password for the application file must be entered and confirmed by clicking on "​Ok"​.}}
 +
 +A password for the application file must be entered and confirmed by clicking on "​Ok"​.
 +
 +{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_05_en.png?​800|The application file is stored in the download directory of the web browser used.}}
 +
 +The application file is stored in the download directory of the web browser used.
 +
 +With the application you signed, please go to the responsible RA operator in your institute.
 +
 +For personal identification,​ please have your valid ID.
 +
 +After personal identification and verification of the certificate application,​ the responsible RA operator will issue your certificate application.
 +
 +You will receive an e-mail with your certificate attached after your personal e-mail certificate has been issued.
 +
 +==== Certificate pick up ====
 +
 +After clicking on the URL in the mail or by copying and pasting into the address line of the browser with which the certificate was requested, click on "Pick up a requested certificate"​.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_01_en.png?​800|}}
 +
 +To specify or select the application file, click Browse and select the associated application file for the certificate to be obtained.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_06.png?​800|}}
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_07.png?​800|}}
 +
 +The information in the application file is displayed. If everything fits click "​Next"​.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_08.png?​800|}}
 +
 +If an attempt is made to retrieve the certificate and the confirmation email has not yet been received, you will receive the following error message.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_09.png?​800|}}
 +
 +If the pickup worked, the data of the currently collected certificate is displayed in an overview. Clicking on "Save Certificate File" initiates the completion of the pickup.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_10.png?​800|}}
 +
 +To secure the certificate file to be saved, it is now imperative to enter a certificate password. Clicking OK completes the process.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_11.png?​800|}}
 +
 +At the end of the collection, an information page with important information that should be considered will be displayed.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_12.png?​800|}}
 +
 +<WRAP center round info 60%>
 +For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the following documents:
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_12-2019_www.pdf#​page=9|GWDG Nachrichten 12|19]]
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_1-2-2020_www.pdf#​page=14|GWDG Nachrichten 1-2|20]]
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_3-2020_www.pdf#​page=6|GWDG Nachrichten 3|20]]
 +
 +<WRAP center round important 60%>
 +(currently only in German)
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +
 +===== The old way =====
 +
 +<WRAP center round info 60%>
 +All other browsers no longer support the generation of private keys((An unsupported or obsolete function!))!
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
  
 Three steps to the application:​ Three steps to the application:​
-{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade1.png?​200|1 step: Fill out form}} {{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade2.png?​200|2 step: confirm details}} {{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade3.png?​200|3 step: Download the application in PDF format}}+ 
 +1. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade1.png?​800|1 step: Fill out form}} ​ 
 + 
 +2. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade2.png?​800|2 step: confirm details}} ​ 
 + 
 +3. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade3.png?​800|3 step: Download the application in PDF format}}
  
 At the end of the application,​ please download the generated PDF file. At the end of the application,​ please download the generated PDF file.
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 <WRAP center round info 60%> <WRAP center round info 60%>
-For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_Special_01-2014_www.pdf/69ae9e7b-21d6-477f-a89e-e8fcddfba8ce|following document]].<WRAP center round important 60%>+For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the following documents:​ 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_12-2019_www.pdf#​page=9|GWDG Nachrichten 12|19]] 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/GN_1-2-2020_www.pdf#​page=14|GWDG Nachrichten 1-2|20]] 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_3-2020_www.pdf#​page=6|GWDG Nachrichten 3|20]] 
 + 
 +<WRAP center round important 60%>
 (currently only in German) (currently only in German)
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
 +
 ===== Apply for server certificate ===== ===== Apply for server certificate =====
  
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 <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -keyout priv-key.pem -out certreq.pem</​code>​ <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -keyout priv-key.pem -out certreq.pem</​code>​
  
-Then you proceed ​application from step 2 of the section ​[[#application_for_personal_email_certificate|application for personal email certificate]], choose ​of a suitably competent RA. +After that, proceed ​with the [[#select_a_registration_authority_ra|Select a Registration Authority (RA)]] and upload the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) file in the offered web form of your institution,​ that you can reach by clicking on "​upload for Servers"​.
 ===== Apply for server certificate with OpenSSL.cnf ===== ===== Apply for server certificate with OpenSSL.cnf =====
  
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 <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -config example.cnf -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -nodes -keyout example.key -out example-csr.pem</​code>​ <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -config example.cnf -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -nodes -keyout example.key -out example-csr.pem</​code>​
  
-Then you proceed ​application from step 2 of the section ​[[#application_for_personal_email_certificate|application for personal email certificate]], choose ​of a suitably competent RA. +After that, proceed ​with the [[#select_a_registration_authority_ra|Select a Registration Authority (RA)]] and upload the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) file in the offered web form of your institution,​ that you can reach by clicking on "​upload for Servers"​.
 ===== Sample files for OpenSSL.cnf ===== ===== Sample files for OpenSSL.cnf =====