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en:services:it_security:pki:start [2019/08/30 08:52]
thinder [The old way]
en:services:it_security:pki:start [2020/06/24 17:10]
thinder [Certificate pick up]
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-Below you will find instructions on how to request certificates with popular web browsers as well as instructions for the use of this certificates. The instructions for certification shall relate to e-mail (S / MIME) certificates. However, the requirement of other types of certificates is designed largely similar. If you have suggestions for further instructions or additional questions, you can send an e-mail to <support@gwdg.deor use the GWDG [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​support|support form]].+Below you will find instructions on how to request certificates with popular web browsers as well as instructions for the use of this certificates. The instructions for certification shall relate to e-mail (S / MIME) certificates. However, the requirement of other types of certificates is designed largely similar. If you have suggestions for further instructions or additional questions, you can send an e-mail to [[support@gwdg.de?​subject=Question(s) about certificate(s)&​body=Ladies and gentlemen,​%0A%0AI have the following question(s) about certificate(s):​%0A%0A|support@gwdg.de]] ​or use the GWDG [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​support|support form]].
  
 ===== Application for personal email certificate ===== ===== Application for personal email certificate =====
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 Please refer to the browser recommendations for the two ways to apply for a certificate Please refer to the browser recommendations for the two ways to apply for a certificate
  
-<wrap em>__**From 2 September 2019**__</​wrap>​ the [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_new_way|new application route]] will be the primary way to apply for user certificates. The [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_old_way|current route]] will then only be reserved for Microsoft Internet Explorer.+<wrap em>__**Since 2 September 2019**__</​wrap>​ the [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_new_way|new application route]] will be the primary way to apply for user certificates. The [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_old_way|current route]] will then only be reserved for Microsoft Internet Explorer.
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
 ==== Select a  Registration Authority (RA) ==== ==== Select a  Registration Authority (RA) ====
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 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-===== The old way ===== 
  
-<WRAP center round important ​60%> +===== The new way ===== 
-<wrap em>From 2 September 2019, the old way will be available to Microsoft Internet Explorer for reasons of compatibility +==== Apply for a certificate ==== 
-</​wrap>​+ 
 +<WRAP center round tip 60%> 
 +Personal identification in times of the Corona pandemic can now be carried out with the [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​videoident| video identification]].
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
 <WRAP center round info 60%> <WRAP center round info 60%>
-All other browsers do not support ​the generation of private keys((An unsupported or obsolete function!))!+For Microsoft Internet Explorer, see [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_old_way| ​the old way]].
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
 +According to the following, as described in [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_8-9-2019_www.pdf#​page=4|GN 08-09|19]] (currently only in German) in the paragraph "Der neue Beantragungsweg",​ the path to the new application pages is described, this will change from Fig. 2 there as described in the following.
  
-Three steps to the application:​ +{{:en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_01_en.png?800|There are now two larger buttonsTo apply, click the "Apply for a new user certificate"​ button.}}
-{{:de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade1.png?200|1 step: Fill out form}} {{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade2.png?200|2 step: confirm details}} {{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade3.png?200|3 step: Download ​the application in PDF format}}+
  
-At the end of the applicationplease download ​the generated PDF file.+There are now two larger buttons. To applyclick the "Apply for a new user certificate"​ button.
  
-Please ​the printed ​certificate ​request under slices by hand.+{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_02_en.png?​800|Enter ​the required data for the user certificate ​and click on the "​Next"​ button.}}
  
-With the application signed by you please go to the relevant RA operator in your institution.+Enter the required data for the user certificate and click on the "​Next"​ button.
  
-Hold your valid identity card for personal identification.+{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_03_en.png?​800|A summary of the information is displayed. If everything is fine, click on the "Save request file" button.}}
  
-After the carried out personal identification and verification ​of the certificate request ​the competent RA operator will issue your certificate ​request.+A summary ​of the information is displayed. If everything is fine, click on the "​Save ​request ​file" button.
  
-You will receive an email to your personal email certificate with your certificate in the annex.+{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_04_en.png?​800|A password for the application file must be entered and confirmed by clicking on "​Ok"​.}}
  
-<WRAP center round info 60%> +A password for the application file must be entered ​and confirmed by clicking ​on "​Ok"​.
-For further steps and detailed instructions ​on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_Special_01-2014_www.pdf/​69ae9e7b-21d6-477f-a89e-e8fcddfba8ce|following document]].<WRAP center round important 60%> +
-(currently only in German) +
-</​WRAP>​+
  
-</​WRAP>​+{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_05_en.png?​800|The application file is stored in the download directory of the web browser used.}}
  
-===== The new way =====+The application file is stored in the download directory of the web browser used.
  
-<WRAP center round important 60%> +With the application you signedplease go to the responsible RA operator in your institute.
-From 2 September 2019the new way to apply for user certificates for the modern web browsers from Firefox version 69 as well as Chrome, Opera and Safari will be available</​WRAP>​+
  
-<WRAP center round info 60%> +For personal identification,​ please have your valid ID.
-Mobile web browsers on Android and iOS devices are supported. +
-</​WRAP>​+
  
-<WRAP center round info 60%> +After personal identification and verification of the certificate application, the responsible RA operator will issue your certificate application.
-For Microsoft Internet Explorersee [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_old_way| ​the old way]]. +
-</​WRAP>​+
  
-<WRAP center round important 60%> +You will receive an e-mail with your certificate attached after your personal e-mail certificate has been issued.
-<wrap em>​Attention! because microsoft edge causes a number of difficulties this web browser is not supported at the start time +
-</​wrap></​WRAP>​+
  
-<WRAP center round todo 60%> +==== Certificate pick up ====
-**Instructions are in the build-up phase** +
-</​WRAP>​+
  
-The home page of the browser ​memory is displayed. Please ​click on the link "Certificates"+After clicking on the URL in the mail or by copying and pasting into the address line of the browser ​with which the certificate was requested, ​click on "Pick up a requested certificate".
  
-{{ :​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​dfn-pki-neu_browser_speicher_wird_angezeigt.png?direct&​200 ​|}}+{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_01_en.png?​800|}} 
 + 
 +To specify or select the application file, click Browse and select the associated application file for the certificate to be obtained. 
 + 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_06.png?​800|}} 
 + 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_07.png?​800|}} 
 + 
 +The information in the application file is displayed. If everything fits click "​Next"​. 
 + 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_08.png?​800|}} 
 + 
 +If an attempt is made to retrieve the certificate and the confirmation email has not yet been received, you will receive the following error message. 
 + 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_09.png?​800|}} 
 + 
 +If the pickup worked, the data of the currently collected certificate is displayed in an overview. Clicking on "Save Certificate File" initiates the completion of the pickup. 
 + 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_10.png?​800|}} 
 + 
 +To secure the certificate file to be saved, it is now imperative to enter a certificate password. Clicking OK completes the process. 
 + 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_11.png?​800|}} 
 + 
 +At the end of the collection, an information page with important information that should be considered will be displayed. 
 + 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_12.png?800|}}
  
 <WRAP center round info 60%> <WRAP center round info 60%>
-A private key is generated locally ​and stored ​in your browser storage as website data+For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate ​in various email clients, read the information in the following documents:​ 
 + 
 +E-Mail-Verschlüsselung mit X.509-Zertifikaten 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_12-2019_www.pdf#​page=9|GWDG Nachrichten 12|19]] - Teil 1: Beantragung und Sicherung von Zertifikaten 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_1-2-2020_www.pdf#​page=14|GWDG Nachrichten 1-2|20]] - Teil 2: Installation und Verteilung von Zertifikaten 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_3-2020_www.pdf#​page=6|GWDG Nachrichten 3|20]] - Teil 3: Outlook-E-Mail-Anwendungen
  
 <WRAP center round important 60%> <WRAP center round important 60%>
-<wrap em>​Important:​ If you delete the site data (also known as "​Chronicle"​ or "​History"​before the certificate is issued, the data is irretrievably lost and the process must be repeated. In another browser, the data is also not available. +(currently only in German
-</​wrap>​</​WRAP>​+</​WRAP>​
  
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
  
-If a Browser Soeicher has not yet been created for this web browser, a password must be entered to protect the browser'​s memory. Clicking on the "​Next"​ button displays the existing Broweser memory.+===== The old way =====
  
-{{ :​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​dfn-pki-neu_browser_speicher_wird_erstellt.png?​200 |}} +<WRAP center round info 60%> 
-{{ :​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​dfn-pki-neu_browser_speicher_schutz_mit_kennwort.png?​200 |}}+All other browsers no longer support the generation of private keys((An unsupported or obsolete function!))! 
 +</​WRAP>​
  
  
-Once the browser memory has been created, the browser memory is displayed after entering the previously assigned password and clicking on the "​Next"​ button.+Three steps to the application:​
  
-{{ :​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​dfn-pki-neu_browser_speicher_oeffnen.png?200 |}}+1. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade1.png?800|1 step: Fill out form}} 
  
-In the browser store, issued certificates can be managed or new ones can be applied for.+2. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade2.png?​800|2 step: confirm details}} ​
  
-{{ :​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​dfn-pki-neu_zertsverw-oder-neuen_antrag_stellen.png?200 |}}+3. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade3.png?800|3 step: Download the application in PDF format}}
  
-With the link "Apply for a new certificate"​ a new user certificate is requested and submitted with the click on the "​Next"​ button.+At the end of the application,​ please download ​the generated PDF file.
  
-{{ :​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​dfn-pki-neu_csr_eingereichen.png?200 |}}+Please the printed certificate request under slices by hand.
  
-By clicking on "View Certificate Request"​ open the PDF file in a PDF program, print it out and sign it by hand.+With the application signed ​by you please go to the relevant RA operator in your institution.
  
-{{ :​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​dfn-pki-neu_csr_eingereicht.png?200 |}}+Hold your valid identity card for personal identification.
  
-With the application you signed, please go to the responsible ​RA operator ​in your institute.+After the carried out personal identification and verification of the certificate request the competent ​RA operator ​will issue your certificate request.
  
-For personal ​identification,​ please have your valid ID.+You will receive an email to your personal ​email certificate with your certificate in the annex.
  
-After personal identification ​and verification ​of the certificate ​application, the responsible RA operator will issue your certificate application.+<WRAP center round info 60%> 
 +For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation ​of the certificate ​in various email clientsread the information in the following documents:
  
-You will receive an e-mail with your certificate attached after your personal e-mail certificate has been issued.+E-Mail-Verschlüsselung mit X.509-Zertifikaten 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_12-2019_www.pdf#​page=9|GWDG Nachrichten 12|19]] - Teil 1: Beantragung und Sicherung von Zertifikaten 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_1-2-2020_www.pdf#​page=14|GWDG Nachrichten 1-2|20]] - Teil 2: Installation und Verteilung von Zertifikaten 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_3-2020_www.pdf#​page=6|GWDG Nachrichten 3|20]] - Teil 3: Outlook-E-Mail-Anwendungen
  
-<WRAP center round info 60%> +<WRAP center round important 60%>
-For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_Special_01-2014_www.pdf/​69ae9e7b-21d6-477f-a89e-e8fcddfba8ce|following document]].<WRAP center round important 60%>+
 (currently only in German) (currently only in German)
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
- 
  
 ===== Apply for server certificate ===== ===== Apply for server certificate =====
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 <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -keyout priv-key.pem -out certreq.pem</​code>​ <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -keyout priv-key.pem -out certreq.pem</​code>​
  
-Then you proceed ​application from step 2 of the section ​[[#application_for_personal_email_certificate|application for personal email certificate]], choose ​of a suitably competent RA. +After that, proceed ​with the [[#select_a_registration_authority_ra|Select a Registration Authority (RA)]] and upload the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) file in the offered web form of your institution,​ that you can reach by clicking on "​upload for Servers"​.
 ===== Apply for server certificate with OpenSSL.cnf ===== ===== Apply for server certificate with OpenSSL.cnf =====
  
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 <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -config example.cnf -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -nodes -keyout example.key -out example-csr.pem</​code>​ <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -config example.cnf -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -nodes -keyout example.key -out example-csr.pem</​code>​
  
-Then you proceed ​application from step 2 of the section ​[[#application_for_personal_email_certificate|application for personal email certificate]], choose ​of a suitably competent RA. +After that, proceed ​with the [[#select_a_registration_authority_ra|Select a Registration Authority (RA)]] and upload the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) file in the offered web form of your institution,​ that you can reach by clicking on "​upload for Servers"​.
 ===== Sample files for OpenSSL.cnf ===== ===== Sample files for OpenSSL.cnf =====