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en:services:it_security:pki:start [2019/08/27 18:09]
thinder [New way]
en:services:it_security:pki:start [2020/04/30 15:03] (current)
thinder [Apply for a certificate]
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-Below you will find instructions on how to request certificates with popular web browsers as well as instructions for the use of this certificates. The instructions for certification shall relate to e-mail (S / MIME) certificates. However, the requirement of other types of certificates is designed largely similar. If you have suggestions for further instructions or additional questions, you can send an e-mail to <support@gwdg.deor use the GWDG [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​support|support form]].+Below you will find instructions on how to request certificates with popular web browsers as well as instructions for the use of this certificates. The instructions for certification shall relate to e-mail (S / MIME) certificates. However, the requirement of other types of certificates is designed largely similar. If you have suggestions for further instructions or additional questions, you can send an e-mail to [[support@gwdg.de?​subject=Question(s) about certificate(s)&​body=Ladies and gentlemen,​%0A%0AI have the following question(s) about certificate(s):​%0A%0A|support@gwdg.de]] ​or use the GWDG [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​support|support form]].
  
 ===== Application for personal email certificate ===== ===== Application for personal email certificate =====
  
 Request your personal email certificate using a Web browser. Request your personal email certificate using a Web browser.
 +
  
 <WRAP center round info 60%> <WRAP center round info 60%>
-<wrap em>**Please ​use only Mozilla Firefox!**</​wrap>​+Please ​refer to the browser recommendations for the two ways to apply for a certificate
  
-All other browsers do not support ​the generation of private keys((An unsupported or obsolete function!))!+<wrap em>​__**Since 2 September 2019**__</​wrap> ​the [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_new_way|new application route]] will be the primary way to apply for user certificates. The [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_old_way|current route]] will then only be reserved for Microsoft Internet Explorer.
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
- 
- 
 ==== Select a  Registration Authority (RA) ==== ==== Select a  Registration Authority (RA) ====
  
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 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-===== The old way ===== 
-Three steps to the application:​ 
-{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade1.png?​200|1 step: Fill out form}} {{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade2.png?​200|2 step: confirm details}} {{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade3.png?​200|3 step: Download the application in PDF format}} 
  
-At the end of the application,​ please download the generated PDF file.+===== The new way ===== 
 +==== Apply for a certificate ====
  
-Please ​the printed certificate request under slices by hand.+<WRAP center round tip 60%> 
 +Personal identification in times of the Corona pandemic can now be carried out with the [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​videoident| video identification]]. 
 +</​WRAP>​
  
-With the application signed by you please go to the relevant RA operator in your institution.+<WRAP center round info 60%> 
 +For Microsoft Internet Explorer, see [[en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​start#​the_old_way| ​the old way]]. 
 +</​WRAP>​
  
-Hold your valid identity card for personal identification.+According to the following, as described in [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_8-9-2019_www.pdf#​page=4|GN 08-09|19]] (currently only in German) in the paragraph "Der neue Beantragungsweg",​ the path to the new application pages is described, this will change from Fig. 2 there as described in the following.
  
-After the carried out personal identification and verification of the certificate request ​the competent RA operator will issue your certificate ​request.+{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_01_en.png?​800|There are now two larger buttons. To apply, click the "Apply for a new user certificate" button.}}
  
-You will receive an email to your personal email certificate ​with your certificate in the annex.+There are now two larger buttons. To apply, click the "Apply for a new user certificate" button.
  
-<WRAP center round info 60%> +{{:en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_02_en.png?800|Enter the required data for the user certificate and click on the "​Next"​ button.}}
-For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the [[https://www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_Special_01-2014_www.pdf/​69ae9e7b-21d6-477f-a89e-e8fcddfba8ce|following document]].<WRAP center round important 60%> +
-(currently only in German) +
-</​WRAP>​+
  
-</​WRAP>​+Enter the required data for the user certificate and click on the "​Next"​ button.
  
-===== The new way =====+{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_03_en.png?​800|A summary of the information is displayed. If everything is fine, click on the "Save request file" button.}}
  
-<WRAP center round info 60%> +A summary ​of the information is displayedIf everything is fineclick on the "Save request file" button.
-Starting at the beginning ​of September 2019Starting with Firefox from version 69 and other modern web browsers such as SafariChrome, Opera</​WRAP>​+
  
-<WRAP center round todo 60%> +{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_04_en.png?​800|A password ​for the application file must be entered ​and confirmed by clicking on "​Ok"​.}}
-Support ​for mobile devices based on iOS and Android is available. +
-</​WRAP>​+
  
 +A password for the application file must be entered and confirmed by clicking on "​Ok"​.
 +
 +{{:​en:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_05_en.png?​800|The application file is stored in the download directory of the web browser used.}}
 +
 +The application file is stored in the download directory of the web browser used.
 +
 +With the application you signed, please go to the responsible RA operator in your institute.
 +
 +For personal identification,​ please have your valid ID.
 +
 +After personal identification and verification of the certificate application,​ the responsible RA operator will issue your certificate application.
 +
 +You will receive an e-mail with your certificate attached after your personal e-mail certificate has been issued.
 +
 +==== Certificate pick up ====
 +
 +After clicking on the URL in the mail or by copying and pasting into the address line of the browser with which the certificate was requested, click on "Pick up a requested certificate"​.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_01_en.png?​800|}}
 +
 +To specify or select the application file, click Browse and select the associated application file for the certificate to be obtained.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_06.png?​800|}}
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_07.png?​800|}}
 +
 +The information in the application file is displayed. If everything fits click "​Next"​.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_08.png?​800|}}
 +
 +If an attempt is made to retrieve the certificate and the confirmation email has not yet been received, you will receive the following error message.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_09.png?​800|}}
 +
 +If the pickup worked, the data of the currently collected certificate is displayed in an overview. Clicking on "Save Certificate File" initiates the completion of the pickup.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_10.png?​800|}}
 +
 +To secure the certificate file to be saved, it is now imperative to enter a certificate password. Clicking OK completes the process.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_11.png?​800|}}
 +
 +At the end of the collection, an information page with important information that should be considered will be displayed.
 +
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​email_1.1_nachtrag_12.png?​800|}}
 +
 +<WRAP center round info 60%>
 +For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the following documents:
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_12-2019_www.pdf#​page=9|GWDG Nachrichten 12|19]]
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_1-2-2020_www.pdf#​page=14|GWDG Nachrichten 1-2|20]]
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_3-2020_www.pdf#​page=6|GWDG Nachrichten 3|20]]
  
 <WRAP center round important 60%> <WRAP center round important 60%>
-Attention! Currently, Microsoft Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge still have trouble compatibility with the new application path! +(currently only in German)
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-<WRAP center round todo 60%> 
-**Instructions are in the build-up phase** 
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-The home page of the browser memory is displayed. Please click on the link "​Certificates"​ 
  
-If a Browser Soeicher has not yet been created for this web browser, a password must be entered to protect the browser'​s memory. Clicking on the "​Next"​ button displays the existing Broweser memory.+===== The old way =====
  
-Once the browser memory has been created, the browser memory is displayed after entering the previously assigned password and clicking on the "​Next"​ button.+<WRAP center round info 60%> 
 +All other browsers no longer support ​the generation of private keys((An unsupported or obsolete function!))! 
 +</​WRAP>​
  
-In the browser store, issued certificates can be managed or new ones can be applied for. 
  
-With the link "Apply for a new certificate"​ a new user certificate is requested and submitted with the click on the "​Next"​ button.+Three steps to the application:​
  
-By clicking on "View Certificate Request"​ open the PDF file in a PDF program, print it out and sign it by hand.+1. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade1.png?​800|1 step: Fill out form}} ​
  
-With the application you signed, please go to the responsible RA operator in your institute.+2. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade2.png?​800|2 step: confirm details}} ​
  
-For personal identification,​ please have your valid ID.+3. 
 +{{:​de:​services:​it_security:​pki:​gwdgcade3.png?​800|3 step: Download the application in PDF format}}
  
-After personal identification and verification ​of the certificate ​application,​ the responsible RA operator will issue your certificate application.+At the end of the application, ​please download ​the generated PDF file.
  
-You will receive an e-mail with your certificate ​attached after your personal e-mail ​certificate ​has been issued.+Please the printed certificate request under slices by hand. 
 + 
 +With the application signed by you please go to the relevant RA operator in your institution. 
 + 
 +Hold your valid identity card for personal identification. 
 + 
 +After the carried out personal identification and verification of the certificate request the competent RA operator will issue your certificate request. 
 + 
 +You will receive an email to your personal email certificate ​with your certificate ​in the annex.
  
 <WRAP center round info 60%> <WRAP center round info 60%>
-For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_Special_01-2014_www.pdf/69ae9e7b-21d6-477f-a89e-e8fcddfba8ce|following document]].<WRAP center round important 60%>+For further steps and detailed instructions on the installation of the certificate in various email clients, read the information in the following documents:​ 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_12-2019_www.pdf#​page=9|GWDG Nachrichten 12|19]] 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/GN_1-2-2020_www.pdf#​page=14|GWDG Nachrichten 1-2|20]] 
 +  - [[https://​www.gwdg.de/​documents/​20182/​27257/​GN_3-2020_www.pdf#​page=6|GWDG Nachrichten 3|20]] 
 + 
 +<WRAP center round important 60%>
 (currently only in German) (currently only in German)
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
- 
  
 ===== Apply for server certificate ===== ===== Apply for server certificate =====
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 <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -keyout priv-key.pem -out certreq.pem</​code>​ <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -keyout priv-key.pem -out certreq.pem</​code>​
  
-Then you proceed ​application from step 2 of the section ​[[#application_for_personal_email_certificate|application for personal email certificate]], choose ​of a suitably competent RA. +After that, proceed ​with the [[#select_a_registration_authority_ra|Select a Registration Authority (RA)]] and upload the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) file in the offered web form of your institution,​ that you can reach by clicking on "​upload for Servers"​.
 ===== Apply for server certificate with OpenSSL.cnf ===== ===== Apply for server certificate with OpenSSL.cnf =====
  
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 <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -config example.cnf -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -nodes -keyout example.key -out example-csr.pem</​code>​ <code powershell createcsr.bat>​openssl req -config example.cnf -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -nodes -keyout example.key -out example-csr.pem</​code>​
  
-Then you proceed ​application from step 2 of the section ​[[#application_for_personal_email_certificate|application for personal email certificate]], choose ​of a suitably competent RA. +After that, proceed ​with the [[#select_a_registration_authority_ra|Select a Registration Authority (RA)]] and upload the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) file in the offered web form of your institution,​ that you can reach by clicking on "​upload for Servers"​.
 ===== Sample files for OpenSSL.cnf ===== ===== Sample files for OpenSSL.cnf =====